Les Congolais souffrent d'instabilité et de violence, selon le comité central du COE

Les Congolais souffrent d'instabilité et de violence, selon le comité central du COE

Agnès Abuom, de l’Église anglicane du Kenya, est la présidence du Comité central du Conseil œcuménique des Églises

Il ne faut pas être devin pour comprendre que le régime d'imposture, d'occupation et de prédation d'Alias Joseph Kabila Kanambe Kazembere Mtwale tend à sa fin. Pourtant silencieuse depuis des années, le Conseil Œcuménique des Eglises dont une dizaine d'Eglises protestantes de l'Eglise du Christ du Congo sont membres à haussé le ton. La déclaration sur la République démocratique du Congo a été diffusée, la veille de la visite du pape François au Conseil Œcuménique des Eglises pour les 70 ans de sa fondation.

L'accueil du pape François par Agnès Aboum, présidente et le pasteur Olav Fykse Tveit, Secrétaire Général du Conseil œcuménique des Églises

20 juin 2018: Citant une litanie d'horreurs en République démocratique du Congo, le comité central du Conseil œcuménique des Eglises (COE) a appelé à "l'aggravation de la crise politique, humanitaire et des droits de l'homme" en RDC, et aux risques de nouveaux conflits, violations des droits de l'homme et crimes d'atrocité.

"Le peuple de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) a déjà tant souffert pendant tant de temps de la part de tant d'acteurs intéressés de l'intérieur et de l'extérieur du pays. L'aggravation de la crise politique, des droits de l'homme et de l'humanitaire ainsi que l'escalade du conflit affectent de nouveau le pays et ses habitants ", peut-on lire dans le communiqué.

En raison de la violence récente, 4,5 millions de personnes ont été déplacées de leurs foyers, tandis que plus de 13 millions de Congolais ont besoin d'une aide d'urgence. On estime que 2 millions d'enfants sont menacés de famine.

La déclaration a spécifiquement cité le rôle des propres forces de sécurité du gouvernement dans la violence dans ce pays et l'a exhorté à arrêter les assassinats liés à la politique et à respecter les limites de la constitution sur les termes présidentiels.

Il a vivement recommandé que les élections prévues se déroulent comme prévu et que le gouvernement respecte et protège les droits et libertés fondamentaux de sa population.

Solidarity with the People and Churches of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

1. The people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have already suffered so much for so long at the hands of so many self-interested actors from within and from outside the country. A deepening political, human rights and humanitarian crisis and escalating conflict are again afflicting the country and its people.

2. Some 4.5 million people – more than in any other country in Africa – have been displaced from their homes, and tens of thousands of refugees are again fleeing to neighbouring countries. DRC’s neighbours are already hosting approximately 600,000 people who have fled conflicts in the centre and east of the country.

3. More than 13 million Congolese affected by recent violence are in need of emergency assistance, including food, sanitation, shelter, and education – the same level of need as in Syria. The conflict and instability have been accompanied by exceptionally high levels of sexual and gender-based violence, and have entailed particular suffering for people living with disabilities. Well over half of the number of crisisaffected people are children. An estimated 2 million children are at imminent risk of starvation.

4. Despite its great wealth of natural resources, the DRC remains one of the world’s poorest countries due to endemic instability, conflict, corruption, poor governance and unregulated exploitation of its resources. Ten out of 100 children in the DRC die before they reach the age of 5, and more than 40% have stunted growth due to malnutrition.

5. President Joseph Kabila has stayed in power beyond his constitutionally mandated two-term limit, and elections have been twice postponed on questionable grounds. In the context of this constitutional crisis, dissent and opposition is being brutally repressed, and violence is being fomented in different parts of the country for political ends, particularly in the Djugu territory of Ituri province, the Kasai region, North and South Kivu, and Tanganyika provinces.

6. It is sadly apparent that the gravest threat to Congolese civilians comes from the country’s own security forces. According to the UN human rights office in the DRC, some 1,180 people were extra judicially executed by Congolese “state agents” in 2017, far more than those killed by any of the armed groups, and a threefold increase over two years.

7. Government security forces have even fired into Catholic church grounds to disrupt peaceful services and processions following Sunday mass, killing at least 18 people and wounding and arresting scores of others. Hundreds of opposition leaders, supporters and pro-democracy and human rights activists have been imprisoned, often without charge or access to family members or lawyers, and meetings and demonstrations banned.

8. The Saint Sylvestre Accord, a power-sharing agreement signed on New Year’s Eve 2016 following mediation by the Roman Catholic Church, allowed for President Kabila to remain in power another year beyond the end of his constitutional two-term limit on 19 December 2016, but included a commitment to organize elections by the end of 2017. However, in November 2017 the Electoral Commission (CENI) set WCC Central Committee - Solidarity with the People and Churches of the Democratic. 23 December 2018 as the new date for elections, but suggested that numerous “constraints” could result in further postponement.

9. This long-running political crisis is deepening the misery of the people of the DRC, and raising the spectre of increased regional instability with very serious effects for the whole Great Lakes region and beyond.

10. The DRC has been identified as one of the ‘stations’ – or focuses – for the ecumenical movement’s Pilgrimage of Justice and Peace. The WCC central committee, meeting in Geneva on 15-21 June 2018, reflecting on the mid-point of the Pilgrimage of Justice and Peace between the WCC’s 10th and 11th Assemblies, and with deepening alarm and concern for the deteriorating situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo:

- Calls upon the Government of the DRC to stop the killing due to political intolerance, to protect its citizens from violent attack and harassment by state or non-state actors, and to respect fundamental human rights to assembly and to freedom of opinion and expression;

- Further calls on the Government of the DRC to uphold the constitution and refrain from worsening the crisis and provoking more widespread conflict and violence by further postponement of the elections;

- Appeals to all members of the international community, and particularly the Southern African Development Community, to strengthen their engagement for durable peace, stability, justice, development, and human rights in the DRC;

- Implores that countries and companies engaged in exploiting the natural resources of the DRC respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country and the human rights of its people;

- Urges all churches and faith communities of the DRC to work together against politically-motivated violence and incitement to atrocity crimes, for a peaceful and fair election process, and for social and economic justice that provides a foundation for sustainable peace;

 

- Requests strengthened international ecumenical solidarity with the churches and people of the DRC in the midst of the current severe crisis, and support for their struggle for peace, for justice and for dignity.

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